caustic soda flake , Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) an inorganic compound with following synonyms
- Caustic soda
- Sodium hydrate
caustic soda flake widely used inorganic industrial chemical. Sodium hydroxide is having certain properties like
Sodium hydroxide’s chemical formula is NaOH
NaOH molecular weight of 39.997 g/mol
Sodium hydroxide is contain ph of ~12-14
Sodium hydroxide characteristics can be mentioned as
- Raw material for various industrial products
- Co-product in chlorine synthesis
- Strong base
- Highly corrosive
- Auxiliary chemical
- Odorless material
Caustic soda is available in two forms – Caustic soda lye and Caustic soda solid. Solid form of caustic soda can be in the form ofCaustic soda flakesorCaustic soda granulesPure form of sodium hydroxide also available as
- Sodium hydroxide pellets
- Sodium hydroxide flakes
- Sodium hydroxide granule
- Sodium hydroxide solution
Caustic soda has wide variety of industrial sectors like In pulp and paper processing industry caustic soda used at the stages like bleaching process, in de-inking of waste paper, and in water treatment.
Next major industry like textile industry caustic soda is used to process cotton and synthetic fibers Caustic soda is utilized more in the soap and detergent industry.
Other caustic soda uses include
- In oil and gas industry – to remove pungent smells
- In household cleaning products
- In beverage bottles
- In home soap making
Worldwide there is high demand for caustic soda and increase in caustic soda prices, applications in daily lives this article gives the different modern caustic soda manufacturing processes.
Sodium Hydroxide solutions are produced by three different technologies
- Mercury cells
- Membrane cells
- Diaphragm cells
Each of above processes utilizes sodium chloride (NaCl) salt as the primary raw material. Electrolytic splitting of salt results in products like chlorine and sodium ion (Na+). In turn Na+ will react with water in the mercury cell to form Sodium hydroxide and Hydrogen as by product.